SAMPLE PAPER: Artificial intelligence in Critical care

A person typing on a computer keyboard, symbolizing the creation of an academic paper on Artificial Intelligence in ICU.

Artificial intelligence in Critical care

Student name



The chosen healthcare technology is the use of artificial intelligence (AI) in the intensive care unit (ICU). By using AI, it is possible to make disease predictions as well as phenotypes. Gutierrez’s (2020) article has been chosen to support the project. This is because it primarily discusses how AI can be implemented in ICU. If an old man faints and is taken to hospital and the test cannot show the cause, AI can be used to diagnose a disease like cancer accurately.

Explanation and background

According to Gutierrez (2020), AI is simulated human intelligence by machines. In the ICU, it has been used in various ways, including helping to recognize hidden diseases that doctors may need help identifying, especially when the dataset is heterogeneous or noise prone. For AI to work, the system needs to be fed with alot of patient data to learn from past diagnoses and therefore be able to come up with diagnoses that are more accurate and timely than a doctor’s. The AI also develops the right treatment plans that physicians can follow (Komorowski et al., 2018).

According to  Meyer et al. (2018), AI can be integrated to work on all patients who step into the ICU, mainly those with diseases that cannot easily be diagnosed. It shortens the diagnosis time and gives precise results together with the right treatment plan. Matheny et al. (2020) argue that despite AI bringing positive changes in medicine, it is simply a system vulnerable to hacking like any other. If no proper security measures are followed, it can lead to the leakage of patient data and corruption of its intelligence, leading to erroneous results that can endanger patient lives. There is also the risk of racial bias; this depends on who created the software and the data it has been fed. AI is also very expensive and may not be afforded by everyone, especially those without insurance.

Risks and Benefits

Patients have a lot to benefit from using AI in the ICU. Gutierrez (2020) has analyzed several benefits, ranging from predicting the ICU length of ICU stay, ICU mortality, and chances of developing complications; AI also improves ventilation among patients who cannot breathe independently. Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care III (MIMIC-III) is an open-source database that can tell how long a patient will spend in the ICU and if there is a chance for the patient to be readmitted. Predicting whether a trauma or pediatric patient admitted to the ICU will survive is possible using decision trees and machine learning algorithms. For this to happen, the AI must interpret a highly complex model using many variables (Thorsen-Meyer et al., 2020).

Matheny et al. (2020) have stated that something extra must be done to promote positive outcomes with AI. It is not just adding more data into the system. A single pixel can make an AI think a bacteria is a virus and can confidently give a wrong diagnosis through such errors. Therefore to improve AI, it needs to be connected with human and scientific inputs. AI needs to be integrated with scientific laws for scientific inputs, and then the data can be augmented with expert human insights.

In addition, it is important to have devices that can show precisely how the AI arrives at its conclusions and have an expert human confirm this before the AI results are applied. This may seem like an additional waste of time; however, it reduces the risks significantly. Again besides AI, other models can be used to make the diagnosis, and therefore, results can then be compared. This way chance of complications can be highly reduced (Challen et al., 2018).

Interdisciplinary team’s Roles and Responsibilities

According to Komorowski et al. (2018), the interdisciplinary team members in the ICU include physicians, dieticians,   therapists, clinical pharmacists, and clinical psychologists. The physicians diagnose using AI-equipped machines to determine a treatment plan and quickly and easily understand the patient’s ailment. The physicians also review the appropriate therapeutic intervention required for patient care and make the right decision.

Dietitians are responsible for informing the team on the timing of when to introduce food to patients. They also monitor the patient macro and micronutrient requirements and the fluids and electrolytes (Meyer et al., 2018). Therapists available depend on the patient’s condition. For instance, if a patient cannot breathe independently, the respiratory therapist monitors the breathing with assistive machine support. The respiratory AI helps the therapist determine when the patient is breathing properly. Pharmacists ensure that the right medicine is given at the right doses. The psychologist helps the patient cope by reducing any distress and making the patient feel calm and relaxed.

The nurse plays a critical role in the ICU, especially where AI is used. The AI can process data by reducing the nurse’s work, but then the nurse uses the knowledge to confirm the info and carry out the instructions. The nurse is the main person who evaluates the patient’s condition and administers treatment. When AI is involved, it can inform the nurse of the exact and appropriate time to administer medications and doses. When all the other personnel leave the ICU, the nurses are left with the patient and continue monitoring the changes (Gutierrez, 2020).

According to Meyer et al. (2018), Interdisciplinary teams are known to work fast and effectively because all resources are merged into one body. However, there exist challenges, especially in the ICU. All specialists tend to rely too much on the nurses to the point that they may need help to complete their specific tasks. Sometimes there could be miscommunication since people from different departments come together and may not be used to working together. Poor decision-making because the person making the decision is more senior than the rest.

Nursing Scope of Practice

In order to operate and understand AI in the ICU setup, registered nurses (RN) need empirical knowledge. Challen et al. (2018) argue that this knowledge helps nurses understand abstract and theoretical explanations. This makes the nurse well-equipped with the knowledge of setting and understanding relations between variables.

RN nurses need to be skilled in information technology (IT) to understand the use of AI in the healthcare environment, especially in the ICU. By this, it does not mean they need to be computer experts; basic knowledge of interpreting AI results and feeding data to the system is vital. According to Meyer et al. (2018), AI mainly processes data to make decisions and conclusions.

Farhud and Zokaei (2021) argue that nurses with curious and optimistic attitudes and compassion are better off working in an ICU that has embraced AI. Through curiosity, they can understand new technology and easily embrace and use it.

Patient Education

AI is a new technology that is not easily acceptable to people. Like any other new technology, people will always be hesitant to embrace it (Gutierrez, 2020). Therefore, patients and their families need to be informed about the use of AI, how it works, and its benefits to the treatment. Before making their decision, they also need to understand the cons, like the chance of misdiagnoses, privacy breaches, and the increased cost of their treatment.

In order to teach them, the doctors and nurses need to interact with the patient and their family and have a sit down where they explain how AI is generally used and how it will be applied to their case. This is done by remembering to include the risks together with the benefit. This way, they will easily make informed consent (Matheny et al., 2020).

Because AI is new, some people feel that it will take over doctors’ jobs; others feel there are high chances of data breaches by using AI. However, in an actual sense, according to Komorowski et al. (2018), AI is improving lives by doing activities that humans would take too long to achieve or cannot achieve. Therefore the cultural impact of AI is making life simpler, more efficient, and even safer.

To evaluate the training and teaching of the patient and their families about using AI in ICU,  AI can determine how well the patients and families understand its use. Excell can also review the teaching data (Thorsen-Meyer et al., 2020).


AI, which is human intelligence that machines have simulated, uses data sets to help with the diagnosis of diseases and develop the right treatment plans. AI has also been used to predict mortality. With all the benefits, some risks include data breaches or chances of misdiagnosis.

In the ICU, when AI is applied, the following interdisciplinary team members are available physicians, dieticians, therapists, clinical pharmacists, and clinical psychologists. In order to operate and understand AI, the RN nurse needs to have empirical knowledge, IT skills, and a positive, curious attitude toward the technology. When educating patients and their families, they must be informed of the benefits and risks of its use. Farhud and Zokaei’s (2021) article is a very beneficial additional resource that can be used to understand the use of AI in healthcare.


Challen, R., Denny, J., Pitt, M., Gompels, L., Edwards, T., & Tsaneva-Atanasova, K. (2019). Artificial intelligence, bias and clinical safety. BMJ Quality & Safety, 28(3), 231-237.

Farhud, D. D., & Zokaei, S. (2021). Ethical Issues of Artificial Intelligence in Medicine and Healthcare. Iranian Journal of Public Health, 50(11), i.

Gutierrez, G. (2020). Artificial intelligence in the intensive care unit. Critical Care, 24(101), 1-9.

Komorowski, M., Celi, L. A., Badawi, O., Gordon, A. C., & Faisal, A. A. (2018). The artificial intelligence clinician learns optimal treatment strategies for sepsis in intensive care. Nature Medicine, 24(11), 1716-1720.

Matheny, M. E., Whicher, D., & Israni, S. T. (2020). Artificial intelligence in health care: A report from the National Academy of Medicine. Jama, 323(6), 509-510.

Meyer, A., Zverinski, D., Pfahringer, B., Kempfert, J., Kuehne, T., Sündermann, S. H., … & Eickhoff, C. (2018). Machine learning for real-time prediction of complications in critical care: A retrospective study. The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, 6(12), 905-914.

Thorsen-Meyer, H. C., Nielsen, A. B., Nielsen, A. P., Kaas-Hansen, B. S., Toft, P., Schierbeck, J., … & Perner, A. (2020). Dynamic and explainable machine learning prediction of mortality in patients in the intensive care unit: a retrospective study of high-frequency data in electronic patient records. The Lancet Digital Health, 2(4), e179-e191.

Academic Referencing Styles: Your Blueprint to Scholarly Writing Excellence

A person typing on a laptop, researching academic referencing styles

In the domain of scholarly composition, understanding academic referencing styles is pivotal. Indeed these styles prevent plagiarism and lend credibility and authenticity to your work. This comprehensive guide aims to be your blueprint for mastering various academic referencing styles and enhancing your academic pieces’ quality and credibility.

The Significance of Mastering Academic Referencing Styles

Indeed, mastering academic referencing styles is not merely a scholarly requirement but a skill that elevates the quality of academic writing. It serves as a beacon of credibility, showcasing the depth of research and the writer’s commitment to acknowledging the efforts of fellow scholars. As you venture deeper into the academic writing sphere, the knowledge of these styles becomes an invaluable asset, fostering a culture of integrity and respect in the scholarly community.

Delving further into the World of Academic Referencing Styles

Navigating through academic referencing styles doesn’t have to be a daunting task. With the right guidance, mastering these styles can be a straightforward process. Let’s delve into the nuances of various academic referencing styles, each with its unique characteristics and guidelines:

Harvard Referencing Style

A popular choice in academic circles, the Harvard referencing style is characterized by specific formatting rules governing the structure of in-text citations and the reference list, facilitating a seamless reading experience. This style offers various adaptations, catering to different academic requirements and preferences.

APA Referencing Style

Renowned for its structured citation approach, the APA referencing style stands as a cornerstone in academic writing, offering a systematic method for crafting in-text citations and reference lists. It emphasizes detailed guidelines for in-text citations and reference lists, promoting consistency and clarity in academic documents.

MLA Referencing Style

Favoured particularly in literary circles, the MLA referencing style distinguishes itself with its approach to citations, focusing on a detailed representation of source materials in the reference list, thereby enhancing the depth of information presented in academic pieces. It encourages a comprehensive approach to referencing, enhancing the depth of information presented in academic pieces.

Chicago Referencing Style

Standing out for its utilization of footnotes, the Chicago referencing style offers a detailed and organized method for referencing, proving particularly beneficial in extensive research documents, where meticulous citation is required.

For a deeper understanding and practical insights into crafting a first-class essay, do not hesitate to explore our recent guide on how to write a first-class essay, where we delve into the intricacies of academic writing, including a detailed breakdown of academic referencing styles.

Exploring Diverse Academic Referencing Styles

In this section, we delve deeper into the intricacies of various academic referencing styles, offering you a roadmap to navigate through them with proficiency. Let’s explore each style in detail:

Harvard Referencing Style

The Harvard referencing style, widely adopted in academic circles, emphasizes author-date citations. This style is versatile, with several variations catering to specific academic preferences. For a comprehensive guide on utilizing the Harvard referencing style, refer to resources such as the Purdue OWL, which offers detailed insights and examples.

APA Referencing Style

The APA (American Psychological Association) referencing style is a cornerstone in academic writing, particularly in psychology and social sciences. It mandates a structured citation approach, promoting clarity and consistency in academic documents. Learn more about the APA referencing style and its application from the Purdue OWL’s APA Formatting and Style Guide.

MLA Referencing Style

The MLA (Modern Language Association) referencing style is favoured for literary research, focusing on a detailed representation of sources in the reference list. It encourages a comprehensive referencing approach, enhancing academic pieces’ depth and richness. For detailed guidelines on implementing the MLA style, consult the Purdue OWL’s MLA Formatting and Style Guide.

Chicago Referencing Style

Distinctive in its approach, the Chicago referencing style utilizes footnotes for detailed and organized referencing, making it a preferred choice for extensive research documents. To master the Chicago style, refer to the Purdue OWL’s Chicago Manual for comprehensive guidelines and examples.

Leveraging Academic Referencing Styles for Scholarly Excellence

Mastering academic referencing styles is not merely a scholarly requirement but a pathway to achieving excellence in academic writing. These styles serve as a testament to the depth of research and the commitment to acknowledging the contributions of fellow scholars. As you venture deeper into the academic writing sphere, leveraging these styles can significantly enhance the quality and credibility of your work.

For practical insights and tips on crafting a first-class essay, including a detailed breakdown of academic referencing styles, explore our recent guide on how to write a first-class essay, a comprehensive resource for aspiring scholars.

Practical Examples and Tips for Utilizing Academic Referencing Styles

To further assist you in mastering academic referencing styles, let’s explore practical examples and tips for each style:

Harvard Referencing Style

  • In-text Citation: (Smith, 2020)
  • Reference List Entry: Smith, J. (2020). Title of the Book. Publisher.
  • Tip: Include the publication year in the in-text citation to facilitate easy cross-referencing with the reference list.

APA Referencing Style

  • In-text Citation: (Smith, 2020, p. 23)
  • Reference List Entry: Smith, J. (2020). Title of the Article. Journal Name, volume number(issue number), page range.
  • Tip: Always include the DOI (Digital Object Identifier) if available, to provide a persistent link to the source.

MLA Referencing Style

  • In-text Citation: (Smith 23)
  • Reference List Entry: Smith, John. “Title of the Article.” Journal Name, vol. xx, no. xx, 2020, pp. xx-xx.
  • Tip: Include the volume and issue number for journal articles in the reference list.

Chicago Referencing Style

  • Footnote: ^1 John Smith, Title of the Book (Place of publication: Publisher, 2020), 23.
  • Bibliography Entry: Smith, John. Title of the Book. Place of publication: Publisher, 2020.
  • Tip: For books, include the place of publication and the publisher’s name in the bibliography entry.
This table provides a comparison of different referencing styles, including Harvard, APA, MLA, and Chicago. It includes examples of in-text citations and reference list entries for each style.

Conclusion: Embarking on a Journey of Scholarly Excellence

Mastering academic referencing styles is a vital skill that paves the way for scholarly excellence. These styles, each with unique characteristics, facilitate the creation of well-structured, credible, and plagiarism-free academic documents. As you venture into the world of academic writing, let this guide be your companion in achieving mastery in citing and referencing. Remember, a well-referenced document not only showcases the depth of your research but also pays homage to the contributions of fellow scholars in the field.

For more insights and comprehensive guidelines on academic writing, do not hesitate to explore our detailed guide on how to write a first-class essay, a resource that promises to elevate your writing skills to new heights. Additionally, for a step-by-step approach to mastering academic writing, consider reading this insightful article: “7 Steps to Master Academic Writing“, on Top Score Essay, which offers valuable tips and strategies to enhance your writing prowess.

Exploring the Impact of Healthcare Laws in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A Comprehensive Analysis

A writer analyzing key healthcare laws in Saudi Arabia on a laptop

#SAMPLEPAPER Examining Healthcare Laws in Saudi Arabia

Student’s name



The healthcare system in Saudi Arabia has undergone significant transformations in recent years, evolving from a basic setup to a more sophisticated and accessible one. This essay examines the key healthcare laws in Saudi Arabia that have been instrumental in this transformation, focusing on their implications and challenges (Al Asmri et al., 2019).

In Saudi Arabia, several laws directly impact healthcare, ranging from regulations on medical practice to laws governing patient rights and insurance coverage. This paper aims to examine three laws in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia that directly impact healthcare. Specifically, the paper will identify the code and section where these laws are located, discuss their goals and purposes, evaluate their potential impact on improving health in the Kingdom, and identify any concerns or issues associated with these laws.

Law 1: Analyzing the Ministerial Resolution on Consent for Medical Procedures in Saudi Arabia

The Ministerial Resolution on Consent for Medical Procedures, enacted under the Regulations on the Practice of Medicine and Dentistry of the Royal Decree M/3 of October 2, 1988, is a significant piece of legislation in the healthcare sector of Saudi Arabia. This law is under the Regulations on the Practice of Medicine and Dentistry, enacted by the Royal Decree M/3. It stipulates rules regarding patient consent for medical procedures, emphasizing that a mentally sound adult, regardless of gender, has the right to consent for medical treatments (Al-Amoudi, 2017).

The primary goal of this law is to clarify the consent process for medical treatments and surgeries. It aims to empower patients by giving them autonomy in making informed decisions about their healthcare. This law particularly impacts women, overriding cultural norms that might require male guardian approval for medical treatments (Al-Amoudi, 2017). This law can potentially speed up medical interventions and reduce morbidity and mortality by ensuring patients can consent to their medical treatments. It can improve patient satisfaction and trust in healthcare providers, enhancing healthcare services in Saudi Arabia.

While this law is progressive, there is a lack of awareness among healthcare providers and the general public about these rights. This ignorance can lead to misconceptions and suboptimal care, particularly for women who may still be subjected to guardian consent due to cultural norms (Sawsan et al., 2020). Therefore, there is a need for increased awareness campaigns and education programs to ensure that both healthcare providers and patients are fully aware of these rights.

Law 2: A Close Look at Mandatory Health Insurance for Expatriates in Saudi Arabia

The Saudi Arabian government mandates health insurance for all expatriates under the Cooperative Health Insurance Law, enforced by the Council of Cooperative Health Insurance (CCHI). Saudi Arabian Labor Law, specifically Articles 144 and 145, mandates that all expatriates in the country have healthcare access. The law’s primary purpose is to lessen the financial load on the public healthcare system. It does this by requiring companies to offer health insurance to their foreign workers. This ensures that expatriates can get the medical care they need without putting extra pressure on the country’s resources (Expat Arrivals, n.d.).

Mandatory health insurance for expatriates can significantly improve healthcare access and quality. The law helps distribute the healthcare load between the public and private sectors by ensuring that expatriates have insurance. This can lead to better healthcare facilities, reduced waiting times, and improved healthcare outcomes. Moreover, it encourages preventive care, as insured individuals are more likely to seek medical advice for minor issues before they escalate (Insubuy, n.d.).

Nonetheless, the law has sparked questions about the adequacy of the insurance coverage provided. Sometimes, the primary insurance does not cover certain crucial healthcare services, resulting in additional costs that expatriates must pay themselves. Additionally, there is a lack of awareness among expatriates about how to utilize their insurance effectively (Insubuy, n.d.). To tackle these issues, greater clarity and education are needed about what the insurance covers and how to use it effectively.

In summary, the Mandatory Health Insurance for Expatriates law is critical to making sure that foreign residents in Saudi Arabia can access healthcare. By requiring that expatriates have health insurance, the law safeguards their health and helps maintain the public healthcare system’s long-term viability.

Law 3: Understanding Women’s Right to Consent for Medical Procedures in Saudi Arabia

Article 60 of the Hospital Management and Medical By-Laws in Saudi Arabia clearly states that a woman is legally responsible for herself and shall be asked to consent to medical procedures. In addition, the Ministerial Resolution that brings into effect the Regulations on the Practice of Medicine and Dentistry, as per Royal Decree M/3 dated October 2, 1988, further supports this (Al-Amoudi, 2017). This law mainly focuses on allowing Saudi Arabian women to make their own healthcare choices. It seeks to clear up misunderstandings about women’s rights to consent in healthcare matters, especially in surgical operations such as cesarean sections. The law is designed to align with Islamic rules and regulations supporting women’s health rights.

This law could provide more timely and appropriate medical care by empowering women to make healthcare decisions. It removes the need for male guardian approval, thus expediting medical procedures and potentially reducing morbidity and mortality rates. The law also aligns with international human rights standards, enhancing Saudi Arabia’s global healthcare reputation. By granting women the right to consent to their medical treatments, this law can enhance healthcare results for women and positively impact the community’s general health (Al-Amoudi, 2017).

Nevertheless, even with this law in place, there are hurdles in making it effective. Both healthcare providers and the general public may not be fully aware of women’s rights to consent to their healthcare. This lack of awareness can result in treatment delays and continue to perpetuate gender disparities in access to healthcare services (Ministry of Health, n.d.). Moreover, cultural norms and family pressures may still influence women’s ability to exercise their legal rights fully. To tackle these issues, more awareness campaigns and educational programs are needed. These should aim to make sure that healthcare providers, as well as patients, are fully informed about these consent rights.

Overall, the Women’s Right to Consent for Medical Procedures law is crucial in empowering women in Saudi Arabia to make their own healthcare decisions. This law aims to enhance women’s healthcare results and benefit the wider community’s health by giving them the authority to consent to their medical treatments.


This essay has critically analyzed three pivotal healthcare laws in Saudi Arabia, namely the Ministerial Resolution on Consent for Medical Procedures, Mandatory Health Insurance for Expatriates, and the Women’s Right to Consent for Medical Procedures. These laws are central components in the ongoing initiative of examining key healthcare laws in Saudi Arabia, each playing a distinct yet vital role in enhancing the healthcare landscape in the nation.

The Ministerial Resolution on Consent for Medical Procedures aims to empower patients, particularly women, by giving them the autonomy to make informed decisions about their healthcare. Mandatory Health Insurance for Expatriates aims to distribute the healthcare load between the public and private sectors, thereby improving healthcare facilities and outcomes. The law on Women’s Right to Consent further empowers women to make their own healthcare decisions, aligning with international human rights standards.

However, these laws are not without challenges. Issues such as lack of awareness among healthcare providers and the public and cultural norms can hinder their effective implementation. Continuous education and awareness-raising are essential for fully realizing these laws’ objectives. As Saudi Arabia continues to evolve its healthcare system, these laws serve as crucial pillars that aim to improve healthcare outcomes and align the Kingdom with international healthcare standards. Future research should focus on the effectiveness of these laws in achieving their intended outcomes.


Al-Amoudi, S. M. (2017). Health empowerment and health rights in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Medical Journal, 38(8), 785.

Al Asmri, M., Almalki, M. J., Fitzgerald, G., & Clark, M. (2019). The public healthcare system and primary care services in Saudi Arabia: A system in transition. East Mediterr Health J, 25.

Expat Arrivals. (n.d.). Healthcare in Saudi Arabia.

Insubuy. (n.d.). Saudi Arabia Expatriate Health Insurance: Everything You Need to Know About Expat Health Insurance in Saudi Arabia.

Kaur, K., Prasad, A. B., Hsu, C. Y., Odongo, J. O., Sharma, S., Ajaj, Y., … & Nabi, Z. (2023). Nanotechnology at Workplace: Risks, Ethics, Precautions and Regulatory Considerations. Springer Nature Switzerland.

Ministry of Health. (n.d.). Hospital Management and Medical By-Laws, Article 60.

Sawsan K., Abrar F, Eman E., Alhalal N., Royes J., Haytham W., & Dhafer A. (2020). Assessment of knowledge and attitude toward the new antibiotic dispensing law and its effect on antibiotic use in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal, 28(1), 58–67.

How to Write a First-Class Essay: A Comprehensive Guide |

Expert Guidance on Crafting a First-Class Academic Essay at

Crafting a first-class essay is an art that involves presenting a coherent set of ideas woven into a well-structured argument. At, we believe that a First-Class Academic Essay should unfold one idea at a time, logically sequenced to resonate with the reader. The structure of the essay is often influenced by the topic at hand, which dictates the information to be presented and its sequence. Consequently, each essay structure is uniquely tailored to bolster the central argument you are positing.

Essay Structure: Crafting a Logical Argument

An essay’s structure is pivotal in presenting your ideas in a manner that resonates with the reader. This section elucidates the essential components of a First-Class Academic Essay, including presenting the argument, data analysis, counterarguments, and conclusion. While the introduction and conclusion hold fixed positions, other sections offer flexibility in their placement within the essay. Background material, such as historical context or relevant theory summaries, usually finds a place at the beginning, serving as a bridge between the introduction and the analytical sections. Remember, crafting an outline is your first step towards achieving a well-structured essay.

Place your order with First Class Essay

Essential Elements of a First-Class Academic Essay

While there isn’t a rigid structure to follow, incorporating these essential elements will enhance your essay:

1. Thesis Statement: Positioned in the opening paragraph, it should be clear, concise, and articulate your stance on the topic, steering clear of generalizations and vagueness.

2. Introduction: This section should clearly delineate your argument, setting the context by reviewing the topic generally and highlighting its significance.

3. Transitions: Ensure smooth transitions between the sections to maintain a logical flow and coherence in your argument.

4. Body Paragraphs: Each paragraph should focus on a single idea or argument that supports your thesis, backed by evidence and a thorough analysis.

5. Conclusion: This should not merely reiterate the thesis but should revisit it in light of the evidence presented, possibly hinting at areas for future research.

Guiding Questions for a Well-Rounded Essay

As you craft your essay, consider these elements that might appear throughout your essay, guiding your outline and writing process:

“What?”: Address this question early on, providing sufficient background and detail without overshadowing the main argument.

“How?”: Explain how the evidence backs your thesis and how it stands against potential counterarguments.

“Why?”: Towards the end, delve into the larger implications of your thesis, explaining its significance and why it matters.

Conclusion: Leaving a Lasting Impression

The conclusion serves as the final chord of your essay, leaving a lasting impression on the reader. It should effectively and logically tie together all the threads of the argument presented throughout the essay. Restate why the topic is important, review the main points, and revisit your thesis with a fresh perspective. It is also an opportunity to hint at broader implications and future developments in the field, providing a forward-looking perspective that encourages further reflection and discussion.

Place your order with First Class Essay

By considering these elements, you ensure a balanced and comprehensive essay that answers potential questions from your readers, offering a rich and insightful analysis. Remember, a well-crafted essay not only presents a well-argued point but also engages and resonates with its readers, encouraging them to explore the topic further.