Childhood Disintegrative Disorder

Childhood Disintegrative DisorderCDD is a rare pervasive developmental disorder which involves regression of developmental ability in language, social function, and motor skills. It usually occurs at the age of 3 or 4.CDD is characterized by developmental delays in language, motor skills, as well as social function. The child begins to lose the skills they have acquired.CAUSESThe cause of CDD is not known, but it has been linked to brain and nervous system problems.SYMPTOMSLanguage – child loses the ability to speak and communicate with othersSocial skills – child is unable to form relationships with family members and other childrenPlay – child loses interest in playing with toys, games, and other activitiesMotor Skills – child loses the ability to walk, climb, hold objects or perform other movementsBowel and/or bladder control– child may have frequent accidents even though they had been toilet trainedDIAGNOSISWhen a child starts to lose previously acquired skills in at least two areas of development that were previously normal for age.TREAMENT· Medications· Behavioral therapy· Physical therapy for motor skills impairment.ReferencesMehra, C., Sil, A., Hedderly, T., Kyriakopoulos, M., Lim, M., Turnbull, J., & Absoud, M. (2019). Childhood disintegrative disorder and autism spectrum disorder: a systematic review. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology61(5), 523-534.Shirazi, E., Hosseinpoor, S., Mirhosseini, S. M., & Bidaki, R. (2016). Childhood disintegrative disorder with seasonal total mutism: A rare clinical presentation. Advanced